Among the causes for periodontal (gum) disease are genetic susceptibility, smoking, and other illnesses like diabetes. Periodontal cleanings, or deep cleanings, involves removing plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line. Most gum diseases are preventable with proper oral hygiene. However, what can start out as gingivitis (inflamed or bleeding gums) can quickly turn into periodontitis. In such cases, gums pull away from the tooth to create “pockets,” thereby exposing a dental root to infection. It can also lead to prolonged bad breath, loose teeth, painful chewing and other complications.
Diagnosing Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease can only be diagnosed after a comprehensive examination which includes a thorough examination of your gums and tooth-supporting structures. In addition, a full set of x-rays and intra-oral photos are also needed to accurately diagnosis the health of your gums.
Following a periodontal cleaning, or deep cleaning, oral hygiene is very important as well as proper maintenance. Patients with periodontal disease may need additional cleanings instead of routine cleanings every six months.